Blending in Sake


To blend or not to blend? That is the question.

An often forgotten or misunderstood concept that was deemed by most drinks professionals as essential by circumstances. So why is this such a highly debatable topic? And how does this play into the mythical world of Sake?

To set the record straight, practically most alcoholic beverages that we know of are blended (cue mic drop moment…). As far as red and blue pill moments go, appreciating the rational of why producers do it, will help consumers see through this Sake version of “The Matrix”.

Here are some reasons why.

Consistency helps build brand power and consumer confidence. As much as we all love surprizes, predictability ensures the masses can trust the brand. We don’t have to look far beyond the pandemic to observe that most consumers tend to flock back to bigger, more established brands rather than craft during distressed periods. Dionysus knows I love myself some natural wine that are niche, cult and acquired, however primal instinct dictates the need to pull back from exploration and revert to safety (Natural wines… another controversial topic for another time).

To quote an infamous mad Titan who nearly brought the end of another alternate universe, “Perfectly balanced, as all things should be.” Blending ensures not one element within the structural and flavour components standout too much like a sore thumb. A pronounced aroma or flavour of something pleasant is not always a good thing. Technique is required to ensure that such components are in check, without one overpowering another.

The exemplification of a brewery’s style is showcased by the rich tapestry when tasting their house Sake. When given the exact same ingredients, 2 individuals may produce vastly different results. Hence blending is not just a means to an end, it is an art form. The recent trends from the likes of up-and-coming brands such as IWA 5 (crafted by former Chef de Cave at Dom Pérignon, Richard Geoffroy) and joint venture of Tanaka 1789 X Chartier shows how style can be expressed via the craftsmanship of blending.

Are there limits to what can be blended then? One would assume within legal means however you might be surprized of how liberal that definition can be.

Take rice types for instance. Much of what you might expect in the wine world whereby different grape varieties are used in blends to make up for shortcomings or enhance fields such as aromatics, are commonly used in the Sake realm as well. As a matter of fact, having a single variety is not as common as one might expect. Although Sake rice is considered a premium as compared to table rice, naively assuming that having a larger percentage of table in the blend as a means to reduce cost would be an oversimplification of the matter. There are lots more at play.

Another integral part of the Sake production is yeast, which produces all the magnificent aromas that we know of which gives Sake it’s distinct characteristics. Blending of yeast types has also become a backroom art which distinguishes one brewery or product from another. To add to the complexity of the matter, besides cultured yeast strains from the Nihon Jozo Kyokai日本醸造協会 (Brewing Society of Japan), there are a variety of yeast types from indigenous prefectural yeast, flower yeast to quirky ones like olive yeast, which can be used in the blend to produce marvellous expressions of Sake.

This article merely scratches the surface of what other blending techniques exist in the vast world of Sake. To learn more about other intricate details of Sake and its production, do visit our website to explore our extensive portfolio of Sake educational programs.